What are the skills needed for a data scientist job?

Do I need a MastersPhD to become a data scientist
Do I need a MastersPhD to become a data scientist

Data science is an umbrella word that encompasses machine learning, data analytics, data mining, Artificial Intelligence, Deep Learning, and various other related disciplines.

Some of the main skills required by a Data scientist job are mentioned below-

  1. It all begins With the Basics – Programming Language + Database

Without proficiency in a programming language, it’s all meaningless because then a person would not be able to conduct any assignment to develop insight. That’s why being a data science professional would instruct a person to have an understanding of specific programming languages to exploit the data and apply sets of algorithms as and when needed. Yet, some specific major languages are utilized by data scientists, and most notably the recruiter would also want them to maintain these languages. Following is the list of programming languages:

  • Python
  • R Programming
  • SQL
  • Scala 

Besides this, a few crucial databases are needed to store data in a structured path and assure how and when data should be called when required. Some of the most famous databases utilised by data scientists are:

  • MongoDB
  • MySQL 

Among this list, only Python and R programming are majorly utilised by data scientists for producing sufficient outcomes that are strived by most corporations irrespective of their realm. However, they do suggest frameworks and packages that are useful for collecting numerical and statistical data.

  1. Mathematics

This is something that can’t be dismissed if an individual is choosing their career in this field. To perform tasks and enforce the desired result, it is anticipated to have strong power in statistics and mathematics. Below is the list of subjects that you need to cover to get fluency while functioning as a data scientist.

  • Linear Algebra and Matrix
  • Statistics
  • Geometry
  • Calculus
  • Probability Distribution
  • Regression
  • Dimensionality Reduction
  • Vector Models 

These are the topics that are needed for a person to cover to make their base powerful while toiling in the data science field. All the signature algorithms will flow with this procedure to ensure that they are learning them thoroughly so they can enforce them in any real-life scenarios. 

  1. Data Analysis & Visualization

Every day more than 2.5 quintillion bytes are being developed, which is an enormous figure in itself, which formulates the desire for businesses to decipher that data into a helpful format. Being a data scientist would require a person to work on data visualization to exhibit the pictorial forms of charts and graphs that can be straightforward to comprehend. There are bulky tools that are being utilized and some of the famous ones are:

  • Tableau: This is one of the most useful tools utilised for data analysis and visualization by data scientists across various industries. 
  • Power BI: Among all, this is one of the most prominent tools that is being utilised by organizations today.
  1. Web Scraping

Technically, whatever data exists over the internet can be rubbed when needed. This technique is utilised by corporations to extract helpful data such as text, images, videos, and other valuable data to improve productivity.

  1. ML with AI & DL with NLP

Having a profound knowledge of machine learning and artificial intelligence is a must to enforce tools and techniques in various logic, decision trees, etc. Moreover, having these skill sets will facilitate any data scientist to work and unravel complicated problems precisely that are scheduled for projections or for determining future objectives. 

  1. Deep Learning with Natural Language Processing

The preliminary motive for deep learning being prosperous with NLP is its precision in delivery. One must comprehend that deep learning requires a set of distinct tools to demonstrate its calibre. For instance, the “Automatic Text Translation” tool facilitates users to translate any provided line of sentence that is delivered to conduct this action. So, in other words, it needs computers to comprehend human languages by facilitating such algorithms.

A person should begin comprehending some basic skills, including Python, R, and/or SQL, and some fundamentals of statistics and move progressively to other topics.